Formerly the British Postal Museum and Archive The Royal Mail Archive includes records of The Post Office and Royal Mail from 1636 to the present day, including working files, staff records, visual records (poster, photographs, artwork), stamps of Great Britain from the Penny Black onwards, and records of British postal markings … Postal History Explore the past, glimpse the future. This was good. These initial military connections to the GPO were then to be magnified as the organisation played a pivotal role during the First World War. 1894 - First picture postcards were issued in UK and permission given to others, to publish them. To simplify matters, Hill proposed an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage. They were printed on a specific paper manufactured by Mr. John Dickinson and the covers had three red lines inserted in the woof of the paper towards the inner side and three blue lines towards the outside of the cover. 2s. I’m trying to find out what it was practically like to send outgoing mail during this period. Under the new scheme, the sender would prepay to send their letter, eliminating the chance that the recipient would refuse the delivery. I’ve tried searching online, but I’m not coming up with anything about how or why people had their mail delivered to a stationer’s. A quick search of newspapers doesn’t bring any results so my assumption is that it wasn’t a common term. Not only could coaches travel eight miles an hour, Palmer further proposed that the coaches be guarded by men armed with blunderbusses to ensure their safe arrival. 1894. In order to speed the delivery of their letters, some would package them in a parcel so they could be delivered by one of the coaches that ran from one town to another, rather than trusting them to the postal service. The penny stamp was for letters weighing up to half an ounce, while the two penny stamp could be used on letters up to a full ounce in weight. 2dly. The charge was based on the distance the item had been carried and the number of sheets, so the GPO had to keep a separate account for each item. jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_3').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_3', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); The plan was tested on the Bristol to London mail run and having proved successful, it was expanded to other main routes. It seems clear that the postman (presumably) has at no point in British history collected outbound mail, like a mailbox with a flag as the US developed. No other companies were permitted at this time to print postcards . Sanquhar is a town in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. The four main post roads ran between London, Dover, Plymouth, and Edinburgh with Bristol and Yarmouth being added by the end of the century. The roads that they travelled on were in exceedingly poor repair with deep ruts and so dark at night that the road was almost impossible to distinguish from the surrounding countryside, slowing their journey even more. The stamps were printed on watermarked paper and each stamp also had the watermark of a crown. During the same period, rates for the post were increased, doubled from a penny for a one-post distance to two pennies for the same service. post offices. This meant that a letter sent from Yarmouth to Edinburgh would have to travel through London. "This is the first complete history of the Royal Mail up to the present day, based on its comprehensive archives, and including the first detailed account of the past half-century of Britain's postal history, made possible by privileged access to confidential records. To encourage the public to adopt the new stamps, it was ordered that from then on, letters insufficiently stamped or pre-paid would be subject to double postage when delivered. 1661 The postage date stamp was first used, and the first Postmaster General was appointed. It wasn’t until the 16th century that an organised postal system emerged In Ireland, with regular posts set up from Dublin to a few major towns in Ireland. Franklin By the outbreak of the conflict in 1914, the Post Office employed over 250,000 people and nearly a quarter of these were enlisted with the army. Post boys were often attacked by highwaymen who made off with the post bags, sometimes wounding or even killing the unlucky post boy in the process. Retail outlets in the United Kingdom; United Kingdom; 1930s; Postal services; Post Office. A reliable and easy way to send parcels anywhere in the world. The reports of site locations are forms completed and submitted by postmasters, mostly from 1845 until 1945, giving the location of their Post Offices and other geographical information. 1894. How militant were women’s suffrage campaigners in Gloucestershire. Your email address will not be published. It was also in 1924 that the first experimental Telephone Kiosk no. Still can't find what you're looking for? A second post office in thesame township was named Mulberry … By the early 1980s, a database containing all of the UK’s business and residential addresses was created: the Postcode Address File, or PAF. Postoffice names were derived from several sources, including names of towns, townships,neighborhoods, crossroads, or from the postmaster's name or place of business. for 240 units. Those not wanting to pay the postage could refuse the letter. However, letters usually had to be taken to the nearest letter receiving office which could be miles away. 1“Travel through Time with Royal Mail.” Royal Mail. History of British Letter Boxes- Part 2 1900 to 1999 In 1924 oval signs showing the direction to the nearest post office were used on top of pillar boxes for the first time. In September 1857 the British Post Office in Constantinople (Istanbul) was opened for public service. Would they hand the letter to a servant who would go on their behalf, so accepting that they will be gone for a short while? In his diary, Robert Sharpe writes about both sending and receiving mail and packages from London. The roadside post box was introduced in Britain following the 1840 postal reform which provided for universal affordable postage. 1969 was another poignant year for the organisation as the GPO was dissolved to become known as the Post Office for the first time. 1934, Mail, Postal services in the United Kingdom, and 4 more. 3Blunderbuss is a short, large caliber, muzzle loaded firearm that is used with shot or other similar projectiles. The Louth-London Royal Mail by Charles Cooper Henderson, 1820, The headquarters of the General Post Office in St Martins-le-Grand in the City of London, late 1820s, Clerks at work in a London post office circa 1808, Royal Mail ‘Post Office Regulations’ handbill giving details of the Uniform Penny Post, dated 7 January 1840, The Inland Letter Office at the General Post Office in 1845, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles) in 1895, Ambulance detachment, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles), 1897. jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_2').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_2', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); In addition to this official post service, hundreds of carriers delivered letters and packages across the dominion in direct competition to the service. 2“The Gentleman’s Magazine.” Google Books. jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_4').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_4', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); Thank you for this interesting narrative. “Travel through Time with Royal Mail.” Royal Mail. “The Gentleman’s Magazine.” Google Books. General Logistics Systems, an … I got somewhat closer with your reference to 1844 but I’m not quite there. The introduction of the Penny Black was responsible for the introduction of the Uniform Penny Post, a uniform postal rate which cut administrative costs and encouraged use of the postal system and adhesive postage stamps. Royal Mail Group plc is a British multinational postal service and courier company, originally established in 1516 as a department of the English government. I am trying to find out about postal runners or walkers who served the folk in the 16th or 17th c. in Sutherland, especially in remote places. Up until that time, the post system was reserved for the use of the King and his Court. A Treasury Minute dated 22 April 1840 ordered: “That the issue of Postage Stamps for sale to the public be commenced as early as practicable; that such issue be, the first instance, confined to London; and that it be extended first to Dublin and Edinburgh, and afterwards to other parts of the kingdom in such order as the Commissioners of Stamps and Taxes may determine, and as rapidly as the necessary supply can be obtained.”. This will sufficiently advertise the people in the house that matters of unusual urgency require their attention at the hall-door. To compile the history of a post office, first select the appropriate State roll and turn to the county in which the office was established. Find out more International Standard. As well as the 12,000 men who fought with the Post Office Rifles regiment, some 35,000 women were employed in temporary positions during the Great War as the GPO played a pivotal role in maintaining communications throughout the conflict. If the name of the office is in one of the chronological lists for the county, it can usually be presumed to be a new office. Thanks for the interesting read. From there the previous telecommunications arm of the Post Office disappeared in 1981 when the British Telecommunications Corporation was formed. Unfortunately, the ancient graveyard has been completely encircled with barbed wire. The position later became the Postmaster General – a role which continued for more than 450 years until it was finally abolished in 1969. Charles I, who was always s… Enter your email address below to get the latest news and exclusive content from The History Press delivered straight to your inbox. Required fields are marked *. Learn how your comment data is processed. As a newly formed mutual organisation, independence from Royal Mail enabled the Post Office to make independent strategic decisions. Search above The Post Office dates way back to 1660 when it was established by Charles II. 9d. Palmer’s plan was to convey the mail by coaches in the same way that packages were delivered. Sheets of 240 stamps were arranged in 20 rows of 12 columns and each stamp was printed with different letters on the bottom corners in such a way that no two stamps from the same sheet would carry the same letters. A hand-made model sorter was tested at postal headquarters in Ottawa in 1953. 1st. The town lies north of … You sound like an historical novelist? In the more than two centuries since Benjamin Franklin was appointed our first Postmaster General in 1775, the Postal Service™ has grown and changed with America, boldly embracing new technologies to better serve a growing population. Postal distribution efficiency was significantly increased by creation of post codes, introduced five years later in 1974. As a result British postal rates were high and complex. The stamps were backed with a glutinous wash on back and were sold either in sheets or cut up ready for use. In the event of there being any packet requiring payment, let him give, after the usual two knocks, a third and loud one, or an extra pull at the bell. The stamps, covers and envelopes had several features to prevent forgeries. Prior to that, people had flown only in balloons and gliders. The Postmaster-General, John Stonehouse, later became notorious for faking his own death. It identifies the destination sorting office of the item being posted, and a post town is assigned to every address in the UK. My assumption would be that the runners would have been paid by the gentry that they served. In the beginning, a letter written on a single sheet of paper would cost 2d to travel 80 miles with postage to Scotland from London being 8d and to Ireland 9d. It’s been difficult for me to find information about how letters were delivered in the 18th century in England. Thanks for reading the intriguing question. The Sub-Post Office There appears to have been some sort of postal service in Angmering by the late 18th century as there is a reference to it being established "by 1793". Would non-urgent post be saved up to be sent until a trip to the post box/office was ordered or urgently required? Most of what I’ve found is on American postal history. As both the state system provider and telecommunications carrier, the GPO expanded across the British Empire from having an initial jurisdiction across just England and Wales; then for the whole of Great Britain. For well over 100 years before the introduction of postcodes in the latter half of the 20th century, the post townwas a fundamental unit of a postal address, and remains so today. Under these early schemes, the receiver had to pay the postage on their letter, rather than the sender and the rate was based on the distance the letter had travelled. Your email address will not be published. Within a year, it was found that the black stamp, which was cancelled in red ink, could often easily be reused and so it was discontinued and the penny red stamp was issued, remaining in use until 1879. Letters took a long time to reach their destination with foot messengers travelling less than eighteen miles in a day. 4 was produced which incorporated a post box and stamp vending machine. And so the new Penny Black and the lesser known Two Penny Blue postage stamps officially went on sale to the public on 6 May 1840. Where did you learn this? The Penny Black allowed letters of up to ½ ounce (14 grams) to be delivered at a flat rate of one penny, between any two places in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland irrespective of distance.Â. As time went on, the rates would rise again and again until by 1812, it would cost 4d to send a letter fifteen miles. The first person to fly as a passenger was Leon … I had been told that young lads were runners, and used some paths that lead across extensive moors to the centre of Sutherland. The reports typically show Post Office locations in relation to nearby Post Offices and transportation routes. The Post Offices There were five post offices open in the Empire that … The Canadian Post Office Department had commissioned Levy to design and supervise the building of a new, electronic, computer-controlled, automatic mail sortation system for Canada. Irish Post Office history An Post plays a central role in Irish life and society, offering a wide range of services from the provision of pensions to parcel collection. It was over 100 years later when the next significant milestone in the life of the GPO saw uniformed post men take to the street for the first time (1793). This may have been a receiving house or a receiving officer who was responsible for delivery of letters locally and collecting postage dues from recipients. 1660 Charles II established the General Post Office. Post Boxes – a brief history . The covers were also available singly or in sheets while the envelopes were sold in sheets only and the purchaser had to cut and make them up. You don’t mention which country you are researching, but a book I can highly recommend is “The Diary of Robert Sharp of South Cave – Life in a Yorkshire Village 1812-1837”, edited by Janice E Crowther and Peter A. Crowther. A short history of the Post Office. While the data was being captured electronically by this time, maintenance of the file was still paper-based, which meant that updates were slow and infrequent. Ours is much more secure but seems a lot of work if you tot up all the trips to all the post boxes since before 1844. 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